Catégorie : CNRS

nouvelle brève
14
Juin
2024
Posted in CNRS

Reaching for the Moon for the sake of humanity

The “Sanctuary on the Moon” project, launched nearly ten years ago, aims to send a collection of discs containing a vast body of knowledge and material evidence of human civilisation to the Moon.

nouvelle brève
10
Juin
2024
Posted in CNRS

The long-lost sarcophagus of Ramses II has finally been found

Solving a long-standing mystery, the sarcophagus of Ramses II has finally been identified based on a piece of granite discovered in Abydos, Egypt… in 2009. Recent analyses of the enigmatic fragment by the Egyptologist Frédéric Payraudeau confirm that i…

nouvelle brève
10
Juin
2024
Posted in CNRS

The long-lost sarcophagus of Ramses II has finally been found

Solving a long-standing mystery, the sarcophagus of Ramses II has finally been identified based on a piece of granite discovered in Abydos, Egypt… in 2009. Recent analyses of the enigmatic fragment by the Egyptologist Frédéric Payraudeau confirm that i…

nouvelle brève
06
Juin
2024
Posted in CNRS

The silent heroins of World War II

As the Allies commemorate the 80th anniversary of D-Day, the CNRS historian Denis Peschanski takes a look behind the scenes and celebrates the vital yet long-neglected role of women and foreigners in the French Resistance.

nouvelle brève
31
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Sicilian fault under close surveillance

Off the coast of the Sicilian town of Catania, an oceanographic mission studied the activity of North ALFEO, a submarine fault discovered only a decade ago. In partnership with the French daily LeMonde.fr, this report takes you on board the Atalante to…

nouvelle brève
30
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Enter the matrices!

Whether it is performed by humans or computers, matrix multiplication is a tiresome task. Researchers are striving to reduce the time and number of steps required to solve such operations.

nouvelle brève
29
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Is CO2 capture the key to carbon neutrality?

The European Commission is adamant: carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play a key role in the fight against climate change. But just how does CCS work? How widespread is this technology? And what obstacles stand in its way? CNRS News takes a closer …

nouvelle brève
27
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

When science breaks Olympic records

Posture, behaviour, preparation… Everything that athletes do is of interest to science. For the Paris 2024 Olympic Games, the CNRS is pulling out all the stops to support the French competitors. The goal is to fine-tune their performance and help them …

nouvelle brève
23
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Mechanobiology exerts creative pressure

Numerous cellular phenomena are guided by mechanical forces, such as embryonic development or the spread of metastases. These phenomena are the subject of intense research aimed at understanding how they are translated into biological processes. Partic…

nouvelle brève
21
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Alexander Kuhn, the chemist who breaks the rules

The winner of the 2023 CNRS Silver Medal, Alexander Kuhn has marked the scientific community with his research in electrochemistry, which is of interest in fields ranging from pharmaceuticals to robotics. An interview with this incredibly creative rese…

nouvelle brève
16
Mai
2024
Posted in CNRS

Pharmacognosy brings nature to our medicine chests

Professor Mehdi Beniddir, both a researcher in chemistry and a pharmacist, explains how pharmacognosy makes it possible to develop new medicinal drugs from substances found in nature.

nouvelle brève
29
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

What fossils tell us about crocodiles

A massive asteroid struck the Earth 66 million years ago, dramatically affecting marine and terrestrial environments, and causing the mass extinction of numerous animal and plant species. The sebecosuchians, a highly-adaptable group of reptiles belongi…

nouvelle brève
26
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

A look back on mass surveillance during the Covid crisis

In March 2020, France was one of the countries that adopted the strictest lockdown measures in an attempt to curb the Covid-19 pandemic. The historian and sociologist Nicolas Mariot looks back at this experiment in mass obedience.

nouvelle brève
25
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

Gaia BH3, the black hole that shouldn’t exist

The recent discovery of a binary system containing an extremely rare object, the most massive black hole (apart from SgrA*) ever detected in our Galaxy, calls into question the models for the formation of these bodies.

nouvelle brève
22
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

The Earth, precariously balanced

On our planet, everything is interconnected, from terrestrial and marine ecosystems and biodiversity to ice sheets, rivers and oceans. But a recent report reveals that the dynamics of these different systems is being destabilised by human activities to…

nouvelle brève
18
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

Muting tinnitus

Research on tinnitus, a recent investigative field, is now enabling a clearer understanding of the causes and effects of this symptom that affects nearly eight million people in France.

nouvelle brève
15
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

Landscapes to listen to

The American Wild West, and especially Arizona, is not just cactuses, mountains and golden plains. Its dramatic landscapes are also audible. Anne Sourdril, a CNRS anthropologist, and her ecologist colleague Luc Barbaro have recorded the sounds of this …

nouvelle brève
09
Avr
2024
Posted in CNRS

A new currency to dethrone the dollar?

Could the power of the dollar be in decline? As BRICS countries openly toy with the idea of creating a common currency, is the global system ready to adopt a new international money? Physicists, who analysed the mathematical structure of trade, investi…

nouvelle brève
29
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Claire de March, a researcher with flair

Winner of the 2023 Irène Joliot-Curie Prize in the “Young Woman Scientist” category, this research chemist has developed the very first experimental structure of a human olfactory receptor.

nouvelle brève
28
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Archaeology goes galactic

Galactic archaeology uses state-of-the-art telescopes to reconstruct the history of our Milky Way, from the Big Bang to the present day.

nouvelle brève
27
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Sacrificing land to oil

Building the petroleum society that is now the basis of our prosperity has come at a cost. Gwenola Le Naour and Renaud Bécot, co-editors of a book on the topic, bring to light the destruction caused by the “petrolisation” of our planet, in France and a…

nouvelle brève
22
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Putting our organs on chips

Initially trained in biology and chemistry, Stéphanie Descroix now works in a highly multidisciplinary research field, that of microfluidics, a technology that enables the creation of mini-organs on chips. These tools offer vast perspectives, especiall…

nouvelle brève
20
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

A glimpse of everyday life in the Neolithic

The exceptional discovery of a settlement dating from 3,000 BC, in the Marais de Saint-Gond region in northeastern France, sheds light on the still largely unknown way of life of Neolithic societies.

nouvelle brève
15
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Recycling using supercritical fluids

Whether trainers or batteries, some multilayered objects still resist recycling… not for very long. This report takes you to the ICMCB laboratory where these various elements are separated using supercritical fluids, in the context of Global Recycling …

nouvelle brève
14
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Are white holes dawning at last?

As opposed to black holes, white holes are thought to eject matter and light while never absorbing any. Detecting these as yet hypothetical objects could not only provide evidence of quantum gravity but also explain the origin of dark matter.

nouvelle brève
11
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Autism in a new light

In the context of the 2024 edition of Brain Awareness Week currently being held in France, CNRS News highlights the advances made in the field of autism. Once considered the result of a rare, incurable disease, autism spectrum disorders are now the sub…

nouvelle brève
08
Mar
2024
Posted in CNRS

Preventing malaria from proliferating

Malaria affects more than 247 million people throughout the world and may have caused up to 620,000 deaths in 2021. Under the ROAdMAP project¹, Ana Gomes and her team at the Laboratory of Pathogens and Host Immunity² in Montpellier (southern France) ar…

nouvelle brève
28
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

The origins of the Standard Model

Fifty years ago, a French team was behind a discovery that helped develop the Standard Model of Particle Physics.

nouvelle brève
28
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

Rare Ordovician fossil deposit found in France

A newly-discovered fossil deposit in the foothills of the Montagne Noire range in southern France has yielded unprecedented evidence of marine biodiversity from half a billion years ago.

nouvelle brève
27
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

Cryptography faces the threat of quantum technology

The CNRS cryptologist Benjamin Wesolowski explains how to strengthen cryptographic methods, with a view to increasing their resistance to the potential emergence of the quantum computer.

nouvelle brève
25
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

The Natchez and the French, from alliance to tragedy

In 1729, the Natchez tribe of Native Americans suddenly massacred French settlers living near them in the area around New Orleans. The retaliation was fierce, nearly wiping out the entire clan. In a newly-released book, the historian Gilles Havard, ini…

nouvelle brève
23
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

Soulages’ blacks in the spotlight

Like other paintings of the late 1950s, Soulages’ works are deteriorating. The paint comes off in some areas, becomes soft in others, or even drips. Using imaging techniques, a team of researchers is set to unravel the mystery.

nouvelle brève
12
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

An asteroid reveals its secrets

On 24 September, 2023, material collected three years earlier from the surface of asteroid Bennu was successfully returned to Earth by the OSIRIS-REx mission. Some thirty laboratories around the world, including several CNRS research teams, are now bus…

nouvelle brève
08
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

Arctic depressions

The Arctic is warming up four times faster than the rest of the world. The depressions that cross this region could partly explain this phenomenon. French scientists are taking a close look at these local meteorological events.

nouvelle brève
06
Fév
2024
Posted in CNRS

Ancient cities in the Amazon

A series of remarkable linear urban settlements have been uncovered in Ecuador’s Upano Valley. The size, organisation, age, longevity and location of these sites has caused considerable surprise among archaeologists in South America. Stéphen Rostain, a…

nouvelle brève
30
Jan
2024
Posted in CNRS

Of yaks and men

Nepalese shepherds breed yaks for their milk, meat and wool. In this report published in collaboration with LeMonde, anthropologists and ethologists study their strategies to protect their herds against snow leopards.